Center For Transportation Research


Claiborne and Grainger Counties, Tennessee

Phase I Survey
March 27, 1992-January 13, 1994

A Phase I survey for archaeological resources was conducted in the proposed 29 km long State Route 32 realignment right-of-way. Pedestrian survey and systematic shovel testing revealed 48 prehistoric and historic archaeological sites.


Phase I Survey and Phase II Testing
April 23, 1995-June 30, 1998

Phase I Survey for Archaeological Resources and Phase II Testing of Six Archaeological Sites, State Route 32 (U.S. Route 25E), Claiborne and Grainger Counties, Tennessee

A Phase I survey for archaeological resources and Phase II testing were conducted in conjunction with the improvement of State Route 32. Pedestrian survey and systematic shovel testing revealed one prehistoric archaeological site, 40CE74. Testing revealed no intact cultural deposits on 40CE60, 40CE61, and 40CE66. Testing revealed prehistoric features on 40CE26 and 40CE56. Testing revealed both prehistoric and historic deposits and features on 40CE53. Only two pit features were found on 40CE26 while 49 possible pit features and posthole patterns were found on 40CE56.


Phase II Testing and Phase III Data Recovery
April 17, 1995-July 14, 1998

Phase II Testing and Phase III Data Recovery of Ten Archaeological Sites and Five Rockshelters, State Route 32 (U.S. Route 25E), Claiborne and Grainger Counties, Tennessee.

Phase II evaluative archaeological testing was conducted in conjunction with the proposed widening of State Route 32 (U.S. Route 25E). Testing was conducted on ten archaeological sites and five rockshelters. Excavations revealed prehistoric archaeological remains on 40CE25, 40CE28, 40CE40, and 40CE43. 40CE25 and 40CE40 contained intact Archaic cultural deposits. 40CE28 contained Middle Woodland pit features. A few scattered pits containing fire-cracked rock were found on 40CE43. Excavations revealed historic archaeological remains on 40CE33, 40CE73, and 40GR22. 40GR22 contained the remains of a ferry crossing community on the Clinch River. Excavations revealed prehistoric and historic archaeological remains on 40CE37 and 40CE72. Excavations revealed no intact cultural deposits on 40CE70. One rock shelter, 40GR23, contained prehistoric archaeological remains. Phase III data recovery on 40CE28 revealed numerous Middle Woodland pit features and a few Archaic pit features.